Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (ACA)
Under the Affordable Care Act—the university must offer medical benefits that provide minimum essential coverage to its full-time employees or be liable for a significant yearly tax.
A full-time employee is defined as an employee who is employed on average at least 30 hours per week. There is no effect on university employees who, by their job classifications, are currently eligible for medical benefits. However, currently ineligible university employees may now be eligible for coverage under the ACA's definition of full-time employee.
Employment Measurement Methods
To determine whether an employee is full-time, the university will use different measurement methods for salaried and hourly employees. The university will use the monthly measurement method for employees with salary appointments (salaried employees), and the look-back measurement method for hourly employees and hourly employees who also have a salary appointment under 75 percent (hourly employees).
For hourly employees who are not reasonably expected to be full-time employees, the university will use the look-back measurement method. If an employee worked on average at least 30 hours per week during the 12-month look-back period, the university will offer the employee medical benefits during the subsequent 12-month stability period, regardless of the employee's actual number of hours worked during the stability period.
The university's look-back period will run from May 1 of the previous year to April 30 of the current year.
Any hours of service performed by students in positions subsidized through the federal Work-Study program or a substantially similar state program are not included in determining whether a student employee worked on average at least 30 hours per week.
For more information, download our guide to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for Employees Holding an Hourly Appointment.
If the hours worked average 30 hours per week for the entire year, the employee will be eligible for medical benefits for the year following the lookback period.
- Breaks greater than 2 pay periods and less than 13 pay periods cannot be used in the average.
The department (s) who create the eligibility will be financially responsible for the medical benefit premiums for the next year.
Student hourly employees can only work 25 hours per week or 50 hours per pay period during fall and spring semesters as required by applicable campus policies.
Offer letters for all appointments should include the following statement:
- Student employees are not permitted to work more than 25 hours per week between all appointments within the University of Colorado system.
For individuals paid a specific amount every two weeks or every month and who have not been employed by CU for more than one year, Employee Services will conduct a check to add the percent of time for all credit hours assigned/taught. If the sum of the appointments is 75 percent or greater, the employee will be offered medical benefits to begin on the first of the month, following two months (60 days) of an eligible 75 percent appointment. Continuing employees, those employed by CU for more than one year and who have not had a break in service exceeding 26 weeks, will be evaluated annually.
It is up to the departments to have each appointment coded correctly based on a reasonable methodology that is consistent and defendable.
One mechanism to determine percent of time for employees in a classroom is to review the credit hours assigned for a particular academic semester or academic year. Based on IRS guidance and administrative capabilities, a minimum, three (3) hours of service should be imputed for each credit hour assigned/taught. These three hours of service represent the total hours of instruction, preparation and any required office hours and meetings for each credit hour assigned/taught.
For research, administrative functions and other assignments, the department must determine a reasonable percent of time that is consistently applied.
|Credit hours per semester||Calculated hours per week||Percent of time|
|3 credit hours||9 hours per week||22.5% appointment|
|4 credit hours||12 hours per week||30% appointment|
|5 credit hours||15 hours per week||37.5% appointment|
|6 credit hours||18 hours per week||45% appointment|
|7 credit hours||21 hours per week||52.5% appointment|
|8 credit hours||24 hours per week||60% appointment|
|9 credit hours||27 hours per week||67.5% appointment|
|10 credit hours||30 hours per week||75% appointment|
Graduate Student Appointments
Student Faculty (1500 series employees) are those students who are hired by the university to perform services such as classroom or laboratory instruction, supervision or research assignments within an academic department, or who perform administrative functions within the university, such as counselors in the residence halls or student employment office. These positions will follow either the hourly or salaried/contract procedures above depending on the method of payment.
All graduate student appointments, paid salary or contract, will become eligible for medical benefits at a 75% appointment or greater. Campuses may have restrictions in place regarding how many hours a graduate student may work. Any appointments should comply with these restrictions as applicable.
The appointment percent of time for graduate student positions will be calculated by credit hours taught in a semester or a reasonable, defendable calculation applied across the department.
Health Coverage Default
Employees must actively enroll in a CU Health Plan before their enrollment deadline, or their enrollment will be waived. Once you have enrolled, you may not change your medical plan until the following spring Open Enrollment period. Certain qualified family status changes will allow you to add or delete dependents.
If your medical coverage was waived because you did not take action and later become fully eligible for University benefits, you will be allowed to enroll in a medical plan at that time.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
If an employee is eligible for university health care benefits and enrolls in a university plan, what is the cost to the department?
The campus and/or department is responsible for the employer portion of the coverage which is currently $471.96 for an employee or $860.41 for an employee and children. This rate is likely to change every fiscal year. Please see the rate sheet.
What is the time frame that a department would be required to pay the benefit? Is the timeframe an entire year, quarter, 6 months or retroactively?
For an hourly employee, the department is required to pay the benefit annually. If the hourly employee is deemed eligible and selects health coverage, the employee is entitled to keep the benefit for the following 12 months, as long as the employee remains employed.
For a salaried employee, the department is required to pay the benefit monthly.
If an employee has multiple positions on campus, qualifies for university health care benefits and enrolls in a university plan, which department is responsible for paying?
This is a campus decision.
If an employee is married or has children, is the university required to cover the spouse and/or family?
Under the ACA, the university is required to offer coverage for the employee and the employee’s dependent children. The ACA does not require the university to offer spousal coverage but it has chosen to do so.
If an hourly employee works between 25-29 hours on average, is the university required to offer health care benefits?
No. The employee must average 30 hours per week for the 12-month period.
If an employee works 40 hours per week for 4 weeks but then works 20 hours per week the rest of the year, is he or she eligible for health care benefits?
No. In this example, the hourly employee would not be eligible for health care benefits because the employee did not work an average of 30 hours per week during the 12-month period.
If an hourly employee works 40 hours per week for eight months and does not work for four months, is he or she eligible for health care benefits?
Yes. Although the employee is averaging less than 30 hours per week during the 12-month period, the ACA regulations provide a special rule for educational organizations. Educational organizations may not include employment breaks (from 4 to 26 weeks) when determining if an employee averaged 30 hours per week for the 12-month period. In the example above, the 4-month break period is excluded and the average is determined based on the 40 hours per week for eight months. Because the employee averaged 40 hours per week during the 8-month period, the employee is eligible for health care benefits.
8 months x 173 hours/month = 1384 hours worked
1384 hours worked / 2080 hours (full time) = 66.5% -- Not eligible
However, CU must remove the 4 months where no work was completed or pay provided so:
1384 hours worked/ 1384 hours in 8 months = 100% -- Eligible
How are temporary employees affected?
Temporary employees paid hourly are subject to the same calculation requirements as hourly employees.
The System Student Employee Policy limits the hours a student may work based on a biweekly period. Why is a biweekly period used by the university?
The biweekly pay period is a university administrative tool. The university’s time collection system does not record time worked per week but rather hours in a biweekly pay period.
Is there a wavier that students can sign prior to employment that states the student has health care coverage through another source (e.g. parents’ health plan or student health insurance)?
No. Even if the employee has health care coverage from another source, the university is required to offer the employee health care benefits. However, the employee is not required to enroll in the university plan and may choose to be covered by another source.
For students currently on a health plan, can they be exempted from the rules?
No. Even if the student employee has health coverage from another source, the university is required to offer employer health coverage to employees working 75% or greater.
For student employees in the time out program, can they be exempted from the rules?
If a student employee has multiple positions on campus, who is responsible for keeping the student’s hours below 25 per week as required by the applicable student employee policy?
Student employees should notify their supervisors that they have multiple appointments. Employee Services will run periodic reports and distribute them to the campus student employment offices highlighting individuals working above 25 hours per week.