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University of Colorado Boulder

The mathematical madness behind a perfect NCAA basketball bracket


(March 21, 2019) -- “The simplest thing to ask yourself is how many games of the 63 are you willing to say, ‘I will have 100 percent chance of winning,’” said Mark Ablowitz, an applied mathematics professor at CU Boulder. If all the No. 1 seeds were guaranteed to win their first-round games, and every other game were chosen at random, the probability of a perfect bracket would improve to 1 in 259.

Geothermal power plants triggered 2017 Pohang quake

KBS World Radio

(March 20, 2019) -- Professor Shemin Ge from CU Boulder, who co-headed the joint team’s probe, said the high-pressure water injected into one of the nearby pits vitalized an unknown fault zone, thereby triggering the quake.

“Soon after the earthquake, the questioning rose about the possible involvement in the earthquake of Korea’s first Enhanced Geothermal System and because the epicenter is located near the EGS,” Ge said.

Weekend ‘catch-up sleep’ is a lie

The Washington Post

(Feb. 28, 2019) -- “If there are benefits of catch-up sleep, they’re gone when you go back to your routine. It’s very short-lived,” said Kenneth Wright, director of the sleep and chronobiology laboratory at CU Boulder.

“These health effects are long-term. It’s kind of like smoking once was – people would smoke and wouldn’t see an immediate effect on their health, but people will say now that smoking is not a healthy lifestyle choice. I think sleep is in the early phase of where smoking used to be.”

Wildlife in winter

Telluride Daily Planet

(March 21, 2019) -- William Bowman, an ecology and evolutionary biology professor at CU Boulder who directs the university’s Mountain Research Station, said it can take more than one season for forage to regrow.

“If native grasses have been grazed to the point where they’ve died in spots, they’ll take a couple of years to respond” following a drought, Bowman said. “However, if the grasses haven’t been hit too hard by grazing in the past, they’ll respond well this year, and probably better next year, once they replace their reserves of stored nutrients and energy.”

Trump wants appeals court to let him block critics on Twitter


(March 24, 2019) -- The case gives the appeals court the chance to show government officials that their decision to use social media, including Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, has consequences, said Helen Norton, a professor at the CU Law School.

 “Government speakers need not choose to speak through platforms that permit public interaction -- for example, they can have blogs or websites without enabling comment threads,” Norton said. “When government officials speak to the public about the government’s work through platforms that permit public interaction, they enable a forum for public comment, and the First Amendment permits them to control the content of their own posts but forbids them from controlling private parties’ participation.”

University of Colorado Colorado Springs

Young people are falling for scams more often than their grandparents


(March 24, 2019) -- In 2018 people under the age of 30 were fooled and paid scammers more often than any other age group. College students have become a popular and rewarding target for scammers and fraudsters. In Colorado Springs UCCS Police Chief Marc Pino says he’s seen the impact.

“Students fall victim to this type of crime; it ranges from a couple hundred dollars to thousands of dollars,” Pino said.

Colorado Springs unemployment rate inches up to 3½-year high

The Gazette

(March 15, 2019) -- “When the unemployment rate falls below 4 percent, that is often a sign of the economy overheating, and sometimes triggers a slowdown,” said Tatiana Bailey, director of the UCCS Economic Forum. “In this case, it looks like job growth and the unemployment rate are leveling off, and I would rather have more moderate and sustainable growth than booms and busts.”

Honoring Helen Hunt Jackson’s legacy: Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum provides intimate look into life of renowned local author

The Gazette

(March 13, 2019) -- For a decade — 1875 to 1885 — Helen Hunt Jackson resided here, becoming one of the most famous authors of her time. Last month at the Colorado Springs Pioneer Museum, Lesley Ginsberg shared the story of Jackson’s remarkable life and rise to fame. Ginsberg, a professor at UCCS, is well-versed in 19th century American literature.

Most voters favor firefighters’ collective bargaining Issue 1

Colorado Springs Independent

(March 12, 2019) – It might come as a surprise, considering that El Paso County is a GOP stronghold where Republicans – who generally oppose unions and outnumber Democrats nearly two to one – support the firefighters’ Issue 1. But not to Joshua Dunn, professor and chair of the department of political science at UCCS.

“Public safety and first responders generally have high levels of support among the public,” Dunn said. “If you have something about firefighters or police, you’re going to get a decent number of people supportive if it’s interpreted to be in favor of first responders.”

Ent Center director works to raise profile of ‘very robust’ arts scene in Colorado Springs

The Gazette

(Feb. 28, 2019) -- Aisha Ahmad-Post had a clear and ambitious goal: to become the principal bassist for the New York Philharmonic. But years of practice toward that goal took a toll on her body. And when an injury forced her to abandon that dream, she set on a new career path — one that eventually would lead her from the Big Apple to Colorado Springs and a job as director of the new Ent Center for the Arts at UCCS.

University of Colorado Denver

As riders pick Uber and Lyft, Denver may need less parking

The Denver Post

(March 13, 2019) -- The study by a researcher and CU Denver professor found that since more than a quarter of the hundreds of riders surveyed would have driven themselves otherwise, their ride-hitching choice meant they no longer needed a parking spot at their destination

“With this new study, it is nice to show that these companies aren’t all bad — and that our ability to reduce parking can definitely be one of the benefits,” said Wesley Marshall, associate professor at the CU Denver College of Engineering, Design and Computing and director of the Transportation Research Center.

Margarita Bianco named among Top 35 Women in Higher Education

Diverse Issues in Higher Education

(March 21, 2019) -- CU Denver’s Margarita Bianco is an honoree among the 2019 class of leading women in higher education. Bianco, a professor in the School of Education and Human Development, is the founder and executive director of Pathways2Teaching, an innovative pre-collegiate program designed to encourage high school students of color to enter the teacher workforce as a way to disrupt educational inequities. 

Kafer: Overpaying for prestigious degree is also a scam

The Denver Post

(March 14, 2019) – “What do Colorado House Majority Leader Alec Garnett, House Minority Leader Patrick Neville, Senate President Pro Tempore Lois Court, Denver Mayor Michael Hancock, Chairwoman of the Colorado Democratic Party Morgan Carroll, Colorado State Treasurer Dave Young, Singer Isaac Slade of The Fray, Tuba/Bass Virtuoso Jeanie Schroder of Devotchka and I all have in common? We are University of Colorado Denver alumni.”

How John Hickenlooper defied the odds in 2003, and how he might do it again in 2020

The Denver Post

(March 10, 2019) -- “You can be a totally unknown candidate in an early stage of the race and go on to win the election,” said Tony Robinson, chair of the political science department of CU Denver. Robinson, a Denver City Council candidate in 2003, witnessed firsthand how Hickenlooper pulled it off.

“Ari Zavaras and Don Mares, those were clearly the two titans in the mayoral race. And Hickenlooper came out of nowhere and had a strategy to win the election.”

Full-day kindergarten works, educators say. Paying for it remains Colorado’s challenge

The Denver Post

(March 17, 2019) -- “The thing we want to establish is that it works,” said Rebecca Kantor, dean of the School of Education and Human Development at CU Denver. “We know that from multiple studies — national and local — that children who are in full-day programs make significant gains in early reading and math by the end compared to their peers who attend a half-day program.”

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Are cows key to edible chemotherapy?


(March 5, 2019) – “Some drugs just cannot survive the condition in the stomach,” said Tom Anchordoquy, a pharmaceutical scientist at the CU Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Anchordoquy has found an unusual way to change that – he is putting powerful drugs into raw milk. “It’d make things a lot easier and cheaper,” he said.

The measles emergency: What are religious exemptions?

The New York Times

(March 27, 2019) -- Health and community leaders have stressed open communication between health officials and religious leaders to bridge cultural divides. In Colorado, Joshua Williams, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the CU School of Medicine, has recommended that the groups talk at specific times, such as when the academic year begins or at the start of influenza season, and not just during a health crisis. He is also working with the state’s Council of Churches to hold sessions with parishioners to hear their concerns.


One in three young adults suffers from loneliness in U.S.

U.S. News and World Report

(March 11, 2019) -- The study surveyed people at one point in time. So it's not clear whether loneliness preceded -- and possibly contributed to – people’s poorer health, said lead researcher Rebecca Mullen. It’s possible the relationship goes in both directions -- with loneliness and health issues feeding each other, added Mullen, an assistant professor at the CU School of Medicine. In talking about loneliness, it's important to distinguish it from time spent alone, said Maddux.

“People who are more introverted may be perfectly happy with their alone time,” Maddux explained.

Arthritis in the knees

U.S. News and World Report

(March 8, 2019) -- Osteoarthritis doesn’t have to sideline you. “An arthritic knee still loves to move. It’s just a matter of finding the right type of lower-impact activity to keep an individual active and functional,” says Sourav Poddar, director of the primary care sports medicine program at the CU School of Medicine.

“Women are more likely than men to develop osteoarthritis in the knee,” Poddar said. It’s unclear why, but some evidence suggests that low estrogen levels after menopause may play a role.

El Paso County declared ‘Second Amendment Preservation County’ as Legislature weighs red flag gun bill

The Gazette

(March 21, 2019) -- Erik Wallace said that burden of proof is on the petitioner who is seeking to have a person declared dangerous. The proposal does “not violate the Second Amendment rights of anyone who is not in immediate danger of killing themselves or anyone else,” said Wallace, associate dean for the CU School of Medicine’s branch in Colorado Springs.

Women’s genes may increase risk of birth control failure, study suggests

Live Science

(March 12, 2019) – “When a woman says she got pregnant while on birth control, the assumption was always that it was somehow her fault,” said study lead author Aaron Lazorwitz, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the CU School of Medicine. “But these findings show that we should listen to our patients and consider if there is something in their genes that caused this [unplanned pregnancy].”

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University of Colorado Boulder

Valerie McKenzie

Valerie McKenzie

Meet the colorful new weapon scientists are using to save toads

Valerie McKenzie’s hotel guests could only be described as extraordinarily high-maintenance. After all, the CU Boulder biologist was running a “toad hotel.” The fieldwork that McKenzie wrapped up in October has the potential to save billions of lives—amphibian lives, certainly, but possibly some human lives as well. Smithsonian, Dec. 15

A ‘Stonehenge’ and a mystery in the Amazon

Researchers have drawn parallels to the legends surrounding mythical lost cities in the Amazon, but evidence of large settlements in the area remains elusive.  John McKim Malville, a solar physicist at CU Boulder who writes extensively on archaeoastronomy, said the field is moving away from focusing exclusively on astronomical functions to interpretations that are more holistic, by including the ceremonies and rituals of ancient cultures. The New York Times, Dec. 14

Ted Scambos

Ted Scambos

New NASA imagery shows how fast glaciers are melting

The NASA data will enable researchers to understand what effect atmosphere and ocean conditions have on ice sheets and how that changes how much ice is flowing into the ocean.

“We can use the method to identify which areas to keep an eye on, or which events might lead to a rapid change,” said Ted Scambos, a senior research scientist at CU Boulder. CNN, Dec. 12

Sarah Krakoff

Sarah Krakoff

The historic victory at standing rock

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on Dec. 4 legally blocked the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, denying it a needed easement to drill beneath the Missouri River. “The effect of this protest was to make the administrative state do its job,” said Sarah Krakoff, a professor of law at CU Boulder. “It read the statutes, it listened to its president’s general policy goals, and then it did its job.” The Atlantic, Dec. 5

The thundering launch of GOES-R

Part of the GOES-R spacecraft, the EXIS (Extreme ultraviolet and X-ray Irradiance Sensors) instrument, was built at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) at CU Boulder. Frank Eparvier, the lead scientist for the instrument, said “EXIS measures the absolute amount of light coming from the sun in the energetic, highly variable, short wavelength ranges.” Boulder Weekly, Dec. 8

Mark Borden

Mark Borden

Microbubble technology could save lives by helping create a ‘third lung’

CU Boulder researchers are part of a new project to develop microbubbles that could create a “third lung” for people who suffer lung injuries. Mark Borden, an associate professor, created the microbubbles years ago to help with ultrasound imaging. Borden and CU Boulder graduate Benjamin Terry – now an assistant professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln – came up with the idea of putting oxygen in the bubbles. Terry then suggested injecting the bubbles into a person’s abdomen to get oxygen to their blood. 9News, Dec. 6

Tad Pfeffer

Tad Pfeffer

Climate change is wreaking havoc on indigenous people in Alaska

On Nov. 21, the decline on the long-term average of sea ice extent was at 888,000 square miles – an area 10 times larger than the U.K., but smaller than the long-term average.

“Almost every year now we look at the record of sea ice and say ‘wow,’ but this year it was like 'three times wow,’” said Tad Pfeffer, a geophysicist at CU Boulder. “This year has been a big exaggeration on the trends we’ve already been seeing.” Business Insider, Dec. 19

Michael Radelet

Michael Radelet

‘See what racism looks like’: Charleston families brace for Dylann Roof’s trial

Dylann Roof filed a handwritten note requesting representation for the first part of the trial, which will determine whether he is guilty, and saying he would represent himself during sentencing.

Michael Radelet, sociology professor and criminologist at CU Boulder, said it took an average of 19 years before prisoners executed in the U.S. in 2016 were killed. If Dylann Roof continues representing himself at either the guilt or sentencing phase of his trial, he would hardly be the first high-profile defendant to do so. TIME, Dec. 5

University of Colorado Colorado Springs

UCCS Pam Shockley-Zalabak

Pam Shockley-Zalabak

UCCS Chancellor Shockley-Zalabak retiring in February

Pam Shockley-Zalabak has worked at UCCS in various capacities for 40 of the 50 years the campus has been in existence. She has continued to teach classes in the Communication Department while serving as head of the campus. The Gazette, Dec. 17

Also: EDITORIAL: Chancellor a big part of our area’s success, The Gazette, Dec. 20

Charles Sweet

Charles Sweet

City for Champions: UCCS’ Sports Medicine and Performance Center

While other projects have hurdles to clear, UCCS’ Sports Medicine and Performance Center is expected to gain form in 2017, said Charles Sweet, the university’s vice chancellor for strategic initiatives. The goal: create a national hub for elite athletes, first responders, military personnel and exercise buffs. The Gazette, Dec. 18

UCCS entrepreneur lab allows students to wade into shark tank

UCCS has opened a laboratory where student entrepreneurs can wade into the shark tank. Instead of competing for an investment, six student teams have to show continued progress to stay in The Garage, a space in the school’s engineering building that student companies can use to turn their business ideas into companies that generate revenue. The Gazette, Dec. 3

John Harner

John Harner

Geographers analyze public comments on Browns Canyon

A team of geographers at UCCS has begun translating comments from listening sessions concerning Browns Canyon National Monument into documents and maps that will guide the development of a management plan for the area. John Harner, UCCS professor of geography, received a $28,746 grant from the Forest Service to process information using geographic information system software and spreadsheets to create maps and reports to better understand the diverse connections people have to the land, including places where activities occur and places that have special meaning. Chaffee County Times, Dec. 16

UCCS debuts spirit song

UCCS unveiled its spirit song before tip-off of the women’s home basketball game against Black Hills State University. Chancellor Pam Shockley-Zalabak said the spirit song is a way to build excitement during sports events and other activities on campus. John Standish of City Tracks produced the spirit song, which consists of a clapping rhythm accompanied by a chant.  Gazette, Dec. 2

University of Colorado Denver

Christoph Stefes

Christoph Stefes

How ‘islands of honesty’ can crush a system of corruption

Democratic checks on public abuses can be weakened. That is the situation in countries like Russia, said Christoph Stefes, a professor of political science at CU Denver, who studies authoritarianism and democratization. In Russia, control over both political power and corruption is concentrated among a small group of politicians and the oligarchs in their inner circle, and no institution or prosecutor has enough power to challenge them. The New York Times, Dec. 9

Jeffrey Beall

Jeffrey Beall

Fake academe, looking much like the real thing

Stacking multiple fake conferences at the same hotel is a common practice, says Jeffrey Beall, a tenured CU Denver librarian. He maintains a website for identifying “predatory open access scholarly publishers” that masquerade as scholarly journals, but are actually in the business of pumping out worthless articles and exploiting scholars with hidden fees. “You just rent a hotel, make up a name and stand around while everyone is reading their papers,” Beall says. “It’s easy money.” The New York Times, Dec. 28

CU Denver Mary Dodge

Mary Dodge

Wrong man arrested for attempted murder after witness misidentification

In 2015, Cesar Hernandez was charged with attempted murder for a double shooting he didn’t do.

“Memories aren’t always clear,” said Mary Dodge, a criminal law professor at CU Denver. Dodge said research shows relying solely on witness identification can lead police in the wrong direction. “It’s dangerous, it may be the first step, but they need to build the case from there.” she said. KDVR, Dec. 20

Greg Johnson

Greg Johnson

The Dakota Access Pipeline isn’t just about the environment. It’s about religion

Greg Johnson, a Hawaiian religion expert and an associate professor of Religious Studies at CU Denver, said the indigenous protests are increasingly led by organizers who are “generating” religion through their activism.

“The kids of today’s generation know a new set of chants, a new set of prayers because of those who came before them,” Johnson told ThinkProgress. The Washington Post, Dec. 5

Trump’s tax plan saves most families money, some to pay more

President-elect Donald Trump’s tax plan will reduce taxes by thousands of dollars for millions of Americans, but could require fewer people to pay more taxes. CU Denver professor Eric Zinn, director of the Graduate Tax Program, cautions people from relying on specific numbers. “The proposed policy of Trump’s administration is unclear,” Zinn said. 7News, Dec. 8

Chancellor Dorothy Horrell

Dorothy Horrell

Downtown Denver university is growing up

With Dorothy Horrell’s appointment as chancellor, CU Denver is laying out a sweeping plan to integrate itself into the business and civic community in ways it never has before: As the city’s only public, urban research university. Horrell said CU Denver is different from other Colorado institutions that state business leaders and policy makers have looked to in the past. The Denver Business Journal, Dec. 2

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Cheryl Krause-Parello

Cheryl Krause-Parello

Study examines the health effects shelter dogs may have on veterans with PTSD

A small nonprofit organization studying the health of American veterans recently received funding to examine how shelter dogs physically and psychologically impact veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. The funding was provided to Canines Providing Assistance to Wounded Warriors by the College of Nursing at the CU Anschutz Medical Campus. “Our study’s findings have the potential to contribute physiological and psycho-social evidence indicating that volunteering at a dog shelter can decrease stress and enhance quality-of-life indicators in reintegrating veterans with PTSD,” said principal investigator Cheryl Krause-Parello, associate professor in the College of Nursing. KDVR, Dec. 20

Work. Walk 5 minutes. Work.

In a new study published in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, researchers from the CU Anschutz Medical Center, the Johnson & Johnson Human Performance Institute, and other institutions decided to test several methods of increasing movement among office workers. The New York Times, Dec. 28

Bonnie Jortberg

Bonnie Jortberg

With the autoimmune protocol diet, a last-ditch effort at regaining health

“There is absolutely zero research this kind of diet is effective for anything, not to mention autoimmune disease,” says Bonnie Jortberg, assistant professor in the department of Family Medicine at the CU School of Medicine. One of Jortberg’s big objections to the diet, in addition to the lack of research showing its efficacy, is that it eliminates many nutritious foods and adds a lot of animal fat into a person’s diet. The Denver Post, Dec. 16

These drinks are most likely to give you a terrible hangover

Be careful of champagne. The carbon dioxide used to create those fun bubbles also makes your bloodstream absorb the alcohol more quickly. “You get a faster rate of absorption, higher blood alcohol levels — and brain levels — if you drink champagne as opposed to something non-carbonated,” said Boris Tabakoff, pharmacology professor at the CU Anschutz Medical Campus. Esquire, Dec. 4

Joshua Denson

Joshua Denson

Patient safety may drop during doctor rotations

Hospitalized patients who are handed off by their original medical team to a new set of caregivers might face a higher risk of early death, new research warns. The transitions “occur each month when a training physician [resident] switches clinical rotations by transferring the care of hospitalized patients, often up to 10 to 20 at a time, to an oncoming physician who has never met the patients,” said study author Joshua Denson, a fellow in the division of pulmonary sciences and critical care medicine at the CU Anschutz Medical Campus. CBS News, Dec. 7